Developed by Deanna C. Martin, PhD. at the University of Missouri at Kansas City in 1973, Supplemental Instruction (SI) is an academic assistance program that increases student performance and retention. Supplemental Instruction is an academic assistance program that increases student performance and retention. SI pinpoints historically difficult academic courses and offers regularly scheduled, review sessions to all enrolled students. The sessions are directed by intensively trained SI Leaders, exceptional students who have previously and successfully taken the course. Portrayed as a "model student", the SI leaders sit through the course again, take notes and demonstrate a mastery of organization and thinking. SI study sessions form a "community of inquiry" by combining course content and reasoning skills with theories on how to study. Students compare notes, discuss required readings, develop course pertinent organizational skills and attempt to predict test items.
Since the beginning of the program at Indiana State University in 1995, statistics has imitated the national statistics provided by the University of Missouri at Kansas City. The SI group performs a half letter grade to a whole letter grade higher than those who do not participate in the SI study sessions. Although statistics have not been gathered at ISU on the effects on retention, national data indicates that students participating in Supplemental Instruction withdraw less often, and re-enrollment and graduation rates have increased. Click Here to see the Summary Report for Fall 2002.
Final Course Grades of SI and Non-SI Participants Between 1982-1996
This National Study tracked students with respect to their final course grades in classes.